The most essential part of going mountain biking is purchasing a mountain bike. This bike has many different parts, however, that you will learn more about below:
1. Bottom Bracket – This bracket helps to secure the body of the bike and the crankset together.
2. Brake Cable – This cable is the connection between the brake mechanism and the brake lever.
3. Brake Lever – This lever is located on the handlebars and it is used to enable the braking mechanism. The left lever is to activate the front brake and the right lever is to activate the rear brake.
4. Chain – This part consists of a set of circular links that help to transfer your power from the chain to the cogs to make the bike move.
5. Chain Ring – The chain ring is the rings with teeth that help to secure the crank to the chain.
6. Crank – This is the lever that goes from the pedal to the bottom bracket. It helps to transfer your power to the chain rings.
7. Derailleur – This is the mechanism that moves the chain from cog to cog.
8. Down Tube – This frame section goes from the bottom bracket to the stem.
9. Front Shock – The front fork’s shock absorber.
10. Handlebar – This is the horizontal bar that has handgrips on each end. It is secured to the stem to help you guide where the bike is going.
11. Headset – This is the mechanism on the frame’s front that helps to connect the stem and handlebars to the front fork.
12. Hub – This is the wheel’s center part where the spokes are attached.
13. Idler Pulley – This keeps the chain tight by adding spring tension to the rear derailleur’s bottom pulley.
14. Nipple – This holds the rim to the end of the spoke via a threaded receptacle.
15. Pedal – This is the part that you use to pedal on and it is attached to the crank.
16. Rear Shock – On bikes with dual suspension, this is rear tire’s shock absorber.
17. Rim – This is the metallic ring that secures the inside spokes to the outside tire.
18. Saddle – The seat that you sit on.
19. Seat Post – Supports the saddle/seat.
20. Skewer – This is the metallic rod that attaches the wheel to the frame dropouts by going through the hub.
21. Spindle – This is what the crank arms are attached to via a free rotating axle and it is also a component of the bottom bracket.
22. Spokes – These are the thicker wires that secure the wheel hub to the rim of the wheel.
23. Stem – This piece secures the steering tube to the handlebar.
24. Wheel Hub – This is located at the wheel’s center and it is where the spokes are attached.